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Glossary Of Terms


Texture: The tactile surface characteristics of a work of art that are either felt or perceived visually.
Textured canvas: Textured canvas prints—such as Howard Terpning’s Opening the Sacred Bundle—are published on a very selective basis. This unique and valuable technique replicates the look and feel of an original painting, including canvas texture and, at times, artist’s brush strokes. The image is first printed by offset lithography with oil-based inks on a thin piece of oil-based material. A mold of the original painting can be used as a guide to create a feeling of brush strokes, or the artist can re-create the brush strokes. The mold is used with heat and pressure to bond the printed image to the artist-quality canvas. The resulting fine art print captures the texture as well as the image of the original and is framed without glass. Fine Art Canvas Art printed directly onto canvas material. Some canvas art comes already stretched. Larger canvas art will be delivered in a rolled form.
Thumbnail sketch: Crude, small pencil drawings used to develop the initial concept for a design.
Trompe l’oeil: French for “fool the eye.” A two-dimensional representation that is so naturalistic that it looks actual or real (three-dimensional.) This form of painting was first used by the Romans thousands of years ago in frescoes and murals.
Turpentine: A high quality oil paint thinner and solvent.


Ultramarine: A vivid blue to purple-blue pigment originally made from ground lapis lazuli. French ultramarine is an artificial substitute.


Value: The lightness or darkness of a color; contrasts between light and dark.
Vanishing point: In perspective, the point on the horizon in the distance where two lines seem to converge and visibility ends.
Vermilion: Scarlet red, a variable color that is vivid red but sometimes with an orange tinge.
Vignette: An image or painting where the borders are undefined and seem to fade away gradually until it blends into the background.
Viridian: A blue-green pigment composed more of green than blue. Viridian takes its name from the Latin viridis meaning “green”.