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Glossary Of Terms

L

Lacquer: Refers to a clear or colored finish material that dries to a hard, glossy finish. Usually applied with a sprayer, lacquer dries too quickly for smooth application with a brush, unless it is specially formulated.
Landscape: A painting, drawing or photograph which depicts outdoor scenery. They typically include trees, streams, buildings, crops, mountains, wildlife, rivers and forests.
Limited edition: A limit placed on the number of prints produced in a particular edition, in order to create a scarcity of the print. Limited editions are signed and numbered by the artist. Once the prints in the edition have been sold out, the digital file is then destroyed by the Giclée Printmaker in order to maintain the integrity of the limited edition. The image will not be published again in the same form.
Linseed oil: The most popular drying oil used as paint medium. The medium hardens over several weeks as components of the oil polymerize to form an insoluble matrix. Driers can be added to accelerate this process.
Lithography: Uses the principle that oil and water don't mix as the basis of the printing process; a method of printing using plates whose image areas attract ink and whose non image areas repel ink. Non image areas may be coated with water to repel the oily ink or may have a surface, such as silicon, that repels ink.
Low inventory: A limited edition that is almost "sold out" at the publishing company. There is usually less than 5% of the edition remaining.

M

Magenta: One of the four process colors, or CMYK, the M is for magenta. A color also known as fuchsia and hot pink; a moderate to vivid purplish red or pink.
Maquette: In sculpture, a small model in wax or clay, made as a preliminary sketch, presented to a client for his approval of the proposed work, or entered in a competition for a prize or scholarship. The Italian equivalent of the term is bozzetto, meaning small sketch.
Masterpiece: A work done with extraordinary skill, especially a work of art, craft or intellect that is an exceptionally great achievement.
Medium: Material or technique an artist works in; also, the component of paint in which the pigment is dispersed.
Mural: A large wall painting, often executed in fresco.
Museum: A building, place or institution devoted to the acquisition, conservation, study, exhibition and educational interpretation of objects having scientific, historical or artistic value. The word Museum is derived from the Latin muses, meaning "a source of inspiration," or "to be absorbed in one's thoughts."

N

O

Offset lithography: A photographic printing technique that uses inks, carried by rubber rollers called printing blankets, to transfer images from metal plates to paper. Not all prints are alike, however, even at the same price. While the industry for offset lithograph prints is often only four colors, Greenwich Workshop fine art prints (for example) print in as many as eighteen different colors, resulting in unmatched clarity and color fidelity to the original. This process affordably allows more people to own and enjoy a work of art than the original painting would.
Oil paint: A type of paint made from color particles (pigment) and linseed oil. Oil paint dries slowly, can be used thick or thin, and with glazes. Because it dries slowly, oil paint is easier to blend from dark to light creating the illusion of three-dimensions. Used by most artists since the Renaissance.
Original: The term 'original' can imply exclusivity or the idea that the work is 'one of a kind' rather than a copy by any method including offset-lithography, digital printing or by forgery. Not all paintings can be considered original since the term also refers to the image being newly created, so a painted copy of another work is not an original.
Original stone lithography: An age old technique in which an image is drawn on a stone by the artist (in reverse) and then pressed by hand, one color at a time, onto paper or canvas. Each lithograph is considered an original because the image is created during the process, thus no two are exactly the same.